1Ahmed Adam Osman
Radiation protection in medicine has its own set of challenges and is an important part of medical practice. Radiation is used in medicine all around the world, from big cities to little clinics. The purpose of medical Radiation exposure is not to offer the smallest amount possible, but to deliver the right dose to allow the doctors to diagnose or cure a pathology. diagnostic investigations using radiation have become a critical feature of medical practice in recent times. And the possibility of doctors’ underestimation of risks of over-exposure of patients to diagnostic radiation, Many physicians have little or no training in radiation protection, In many countries including Somalia, the Usage of Medical radiation devices is only minimally regulated or not all. Therefore The purpose of this study was to evaluate Medical doctors’ awareness of radiation exposure in selected diagnostic Radiology centers in Mogadishu Somalia due to the recently increased usage of diagnostic radiation machines regardless of their risk of radiation exposure.
Material(s) and Method(s):
This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of the awareness of doctors about radiation exposure in diagnostic radiology investigations in Somalia. Online questionnaires were distributed to 200 participants through internet platforms during the COVD-19 pandemic period, between July and December 2021. Our data analysis was descriptive with a quantitative method, with univariate level analysis only for all variables.
Of the 200 participants, 62% had no formal training on radiation exposure. 86% of our respondents had no idea quantity of radiation a patient absorbs during a chest X-ray( 0.02mSV) Whereas only 10.5% of our respondents correctly estimated quantity of radiation a patient absorbs in single-phase abdominal computed tomography (CT) More than 70% of participants agreed that children are more sensitive to radiation, but only 11% suggested medical termination of pregnancy for a woman who had CT abdomen and pelvis with contrast according to ACR. General practitioners were the highest intended of this study as most doctors in Somalia are General practitioners.
As a result of the high rate of poor awareness of radiation risks observed in this study, it is important that the Somali Ministry of Health and state-level health ministries must ensure that appropriate radiological examination guidelines and national radiation policies are enforced at all levels of healthcare services.