1Muhammad Fiaz

1Cancer Care Hospital and Research Centre


The objective of this study was to verify the safety and effectiveness of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous microwave thermal ablation as mode of treatment of small breast lesions (benign as well as malignant). Now days, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed life-threatening cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer death among women. Since last two decades, researches related to the breast cancer has lead to extraordinary progress in our understanding of the disease, resulting in more efficient and less toxic treatments.

Material(s) and Method(s):

With all aseptic measures, microwave antenna was inserted percutaneosly under ultrasound guidance with using linear probe. The ultrasound images, any complications and side effects were assessed during and after ablation. For assessment of ablation zone, MRI with contrast is used.


Nine patients underwent the treatment. One patient felt pain and severe redness after procedure which persist for 2 weeks. Follow up MRI was showing type 1 enhancement curve. Eight  patients felt some pain and the discomfort after couple of hours post ablation which rapidly disappeared.


Today there are so many approaches, which can be made for the treatment of the cancer of breast such as surgery, radiation therapy chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and recently nanotechnology and ablation therapies. With advances in screening, diagnosis, and treatment, the death rate for breast cancer has declined. In fact, about 90% of women newly diagnosed with breast cancer will survive for at least five years.